The Kosovo Force (KFOR) is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing a safe and secure environment in Kosovo, the self-proclaimed, independent and partially recognized landlocked country in the Balkans, which has been under United Nations administration since 1999.
KFOR entered Kosovo on June 12 1999 under a United Nations mandate, two days after the adoption of UN Security Council Resolution 1244. At the time of UN Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was facing a grave humanitarian crisis, with military and paramilitary forces from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in daily engagement. Ethnic tensions were at their highest and the death toll had reached a historic high. Nearly one million people had fled Kosovo as refugees.
Since the establishment of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) in 1999, according to some international organizations Kosovo has become a major destination country for women and young girls trafficked into forced prostitution. According to Amnesty International, most of women are trafficked from Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria and Ukraine.
As of 2007, KFOR consisted of approximately 16,000 troops.
After the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence the commander of NATO forces in Kosovo said on February 20 2008 that he did not plan to step up security in the tense north despite violent attacks by Kosovo Serb which forced the temporary closure of two boundary crossings between Kosovo and Serbia.
NATO’s initial mandate was: 
- to deter renewed hostility and threats against Kosovo by Yugoslav and Serb forces;
- to establish and maintain a secure environment in Kosovo, including public safety and civil order;
- to demilitarise the Kosovo Liberation Army;
- to support the international humanitarian effort;
- to coordinate with and support the international civil presence.
Today, KFOR focuses on building a secure environment in which all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origins, can live in peace and, with international aid, democracy and civil society are gradually gaining strength. KFOR tasks have included:
- assistance with the return or relocation of displaced persons and refugees;
- reconstruction and demining;
- medical assistance;
- security and public order;
- security of ethnic minorities;
- protection of patrimonial sites;
- border security;
- interdiction of cross-border weapons smuggling;
- implementation of a Kosovo-wide weapons, ammunition and explosives amnesty programme;
- weapons destruction;
- support for the establishment of civilian institutions, law and order, the judicial and penal system, the electoral process and other aspects of the political, economic and social life of the province.
KFOR contingents were originally grouped into 4 regionally-based multinational brigades. The brigades were responsible for a specific area of operations, but under a single chain of command under the authority of Commander KFOR. In August 2005, the North Atlantic Council decided to restructure KFOR, replacing the four existing multinational brigades with five task forces, to allow for greater flexibility with, for instance, the removal of restrictions on the cross-boundary movement of units based in different sectors of Kosovo.
- Multinational Task Force North (MNTF-N):
MNTF-N is deployed in the northern region of Kosovo, headquartered in Novo Selo and is commanded by Brigadier General Claude Mathey since May 30, 2008 (French Army).
Contributing nations: Belgium, Denmark, France (Lead nation), Greece, Estonia, Luxemburg, Morocco.
- Multinational Task Force East (MNTF-E):
MNTF-E is deployed in the eastern region of Kosovo, headquartered in Uroševac and is commanded by Brigadier General Keith D. Jones (U.S. Army) since March 7, 2009. The majority of U.S. Soldiers there are members of the California Army National Guard who are mobilized for the KFOR mission.
Camp Bondsteel serves as the headquarters for Multinational Task Force East (MNTF-E). Camp Monteith had been previously used by the KFOR, but is now the training camp for the Kosovo Security Force (formally the Kosovo Protection Corps).
Contributing nations: Armenia, Greece, Lithuania, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Ukraine, United States (Lead nation). The official sites are http://www.tffalcon.hqusareur.army.mil/ and http://www.kfor10.org/
- Multinational Task Force South (MNTF-S):
MNTF-S is deployed in the southern region of Kosovo, headquartered in Prizren. This Task Force has been established on May 15, 2006 and is commanded by Brigadier General Robert Prader (Austrian Army) since May 29, 2008.
Contributing nations: Austria (Lead Nation), Bulgaria, Germany, Switzerland, Turkey.
- Multinational Task Force West (MNTF-W):
MNTF-W is deployed in the region of Metohija, headquartered in Peć and is commanded by Brigadier General Agostino Biancafarina (Italian Army) since April 30, 2008.
Contributing nations: Italy (lead nation), Spain, Slovenia, Hungary, Romania.
- Multinational Task Force Center (MNTF-C):
MNTF-C is deployed in the region of Drenica, headquartered in Lipljan and is commanded by Brigadier General Kyösti Halonen (Finnish Army).
Contributing nations: Czech Republic, Finland (Lead nation), Ireland, Latvia, Slovakia, Sweden.
At its height, KFOR troops numbered 50,000 and came from 39 different NATO / Non-NATO nations. The official KFOR website indicated that in 2008 a total 14,000 soldiers from 34 countries were participating in KFOR.
The nations contributing the most personnel to KFOR at the time included:
- Template:Country data United Kingdom (19,000 troops - now 136)
- 22x20px|border Germany (8,500 - now 2,703)
- 22x20px|border United States (7,000 - now 1,453)
- 22x20px|border France (7,000 - now 1,966)
- 22x20px|border Italy (5,000 - now 2,179)
- Template:Country data Netherlands (3,600 - now 85)
- 22x20px|border Rusia (3,000? - now 0)
- Template:Country data Canada (1,470 - now 1)
- 22x20px|border Ukraine (1,300 - now 185)
- 22x20px|border Spain (637 - now 0)
- Template:Country data Poland (800 - now 288)
Other contributing NATO Nations included:
Other contributing non-NATO Nations have included:
- Mike Jackson (Template:Country data United Kingdom, June 12, 1999 - October 8, 1999),
- Klaus Reinhardt (22x20px|border Germany, October 8, 1999 - April 18, 2000),
- Juan Ortuño Such (22x20px|border Spain, April 18, 2000 - October 16, 2000),
- Carlo Cabigiosu (22x20px|border Italy, October 16, 2000 - April 6, 2001),
- Thorstein Skiaker (22x20px|border Norway, April 6, 2001 - October 3, 2001),
- Marcel Valentin (22x20px|border France, October 3, 2001 - October 4, 2002),
- Fabio Mini (22x20px|border Italy, October 4, 2002 - October 3, 2003),
- Holger Kammerhoff (22x20px|border Germany, October 3, 2003 - September 1, 2004),
- Yves de Kermabon (22x20px|border France, September 1, 2004 - September 1, 2005),
- Giuseppe Valotto (22x20px|border Italy, September 1, 2005 - September 1, 2006),
- Roland Kather (22x20px|border Germany, September 1, 2006 - August 31, 2007),
- Xavier de Marnhac (22x20px|border France, August 31, 2007 - August 29, 2008),
- Giuseppe Emilio Gay (22x20px|border Italy, August 29, 2008 - present).
- The KFOR Chronicle is published monthly, and is cleared for public dissemination. It is also published on the Internet for an international audience.
- The The Guardian East is a monthly publication created by the US led Multi-National Task Force - East.
Since the KFOR entered Kosovo in June 1999, 165 NATO soldiers have been killed, mostly in accidents. On October 19, 2004, it was confirmed that 115 NATO soldiers had been killed during the operation. After that 50 more NATO soldiers were confirmed to have died, including 42 Slovak soldiers in a military plane crash in Hungary.
- European Union Force (EUFOR)
- Kosovo Police Service
- Kosovo Protection Corps
- Kosovo status process
- Military of Kosovo
- United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)
- NATO Topics: NATO in Kosovo
- "Kosovo UN troops 'fuel sex trade'". 2008. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3686173.stm. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- "Amnesty International". 2008. http://web.amnesty.org/actforwomen/stories-9-eng. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- "Nato force 'feeds Kosovo sex trade'". 2008. http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,,1211214,00.html. Retrieved 2008-02-23.
- CNN, No added NATO security in Kosovo, 2008
- NATO Topics: Kosovo Force (KFOR)
- NATO Topics: Kosovo Force (KFOR) - How did it evolve?
- KFOR Press Release
- Azerbaijan to withdraw peacekeepers from Kosovo_English_Xinhua
- RIA Novosti - World - Georgia announces withdrawal of peacekeepers from Kosovo
- British soldier killed in a car accident in Kosovo
- KFOR official site (NATO)
- KFOR 9 site
- K-For: The task ahead (from BBC News, June 13, 1999)
- First deaths in K-For operation (from BBC News, June 14, 1999)
- Memorial honors soldiers' sacrifices June 2002: 68 soldiers have died since KFOR entered Kosovo.
- Nato force 'feeds Kosovo sex trade' (from The Guardian, May 7, 2004)
- Radio KFOR